Venerable Institutions, Iconic Products, and Key Texts Mark an Anniversary in 2016

There are many reasons to celebrate architecture and design this year.

Skidmore, Owings & Merrill is celebrating its 80th anniversary this year.

Courtesy SOM © Ezra Stoller/Esto

There are many reasons to celebrate architecture and design in the coming months as these venerable institutions, iconic products, and key texts mark an anniversary this year.​


150th
School of the Art Institute of Chicago

Courtesy Jaclyn Rivas

A collective of studio artists founded the Chicago Academy of Design in 1866. The Great Fire destroyed that building in 1871, but the institution survived to become one of America’s largest art and design colleges.

120th 
Swarovski

A 325-page coffee table book recently published by Rizzoli shows how the Austrian company’s crystals have played a starring role in design history, from the film Breakfast at Tiffany’s to the 2012 Venice Architecture Biennale.

105th
Frank Lloyd Wright builds Taliesin

Courtesy Andrew Pielage

The name of Wright’s home in Spring Green, Wisconsin, built in 1911, is Welsh for “Shining Brow.” It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1976.

Courtesy Steelcase

100th
Steelcase 601 desk series

As wood furniture fell out of favor due to concerns about fire safety, the Metal Furniture Company (now Steelcase) built its first series of steel office desks as part of a bid for a large government project in Boston.

80th
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill is founded

Brothers-in-law Louis Skidmore and Nathaniel Owings first worked together on the Century of Progress exposition plan in Chicago in 1933, but then went their separate ways. But a 1935 meeting at Paddington Station in London rekindled the partnership, and the architecture firm was founded on January 1, 1936, at 104 South Michigan in Chicago.

70th
Vespa

The Piaggio Group is releasing a special series of three Vespa Settantesimo models—the Primavera, the GTS, and the PX—to celebrate the Italian scooter’s birthday.

Courtesy Knoll

75th
Jens Risom + Knoll collaboration

Risom began to officially work on the 600 series, the Hans G. Knoll Furniture Company’s first collection of specially commissioned furniture, in 1941. The company’s first catalogue in 1942 advertised 15 of these pieces, including the classics now known as the Risom Lounge chair and the Amoeba Table.

60th
Carl Hansen & Søn CH2Ø

Courtesy Carl Hansen & Søn

When Hans Wegner designed this chair in 1956, it proved so complicated to produce that only one prototype was ever made. It later turned out that Wegner was simply ahead of his time—the CH2Ø was finally put into production in 2005.

60th 
Herman Miller Marshmallow sofa

Courtesy Herman Miller

Irving Harper came up with the design of this Herman Miller icon over the course of one weekend to take advantage of a new production method for cushions. The manufacturing process never fulfilled its promise, however, so the cushions had to be fabricated by hand.

55th
Salone del Mobile

A handful of Italian furniture manufacturers came together in 1961 to create a platform where local design could be promoted for the export market, and they ended up founding one of the design world’s most important annual rituals.

50th 
Global Furniture

The manufacturer of affordable office furnishings has grown in the past 50 years to encompass solutions for elder care and acute care, as well as furniture for government offices in the United States and Canada.

50th 
Complexity & Contradiction in Architecture

One of the finest arguments ever made against purism and for “messy vitality,” Robert Venturi’s text for Postmodernist architecture was published by MoMA in New York.

Courtesy Collective Design

35th
Memphis Group

The colors, materials, and forms first unleashed by a group of young Italian architects in Milan’s Arc74 showroom on September 18, 1981, have enjoyed a return to favor in our own decade.

30th
Cappellini Thinking Man’s Chair

This early Jasper Morrison design, prototyped for an exhibition in Japan, was initially called the Drinking Man’s Chair—the discs at the ends of the arms were intended to hold glasses. The name was changed before Cappellini began producing the piece in 1989.

10th
Flexform Infinity Bookshelf

Courtesy Flexform

Designer Antonio Citterio wanted the structure to disappear, putting the emphasis on the contents, so he made the walls of the Infinity bookshelf as thin as possible. Leather boxes in different colors added another layer of compositional possibilities.

Categories: Arts + Culture, Design

Comments

comments