A Houston Exhibition Reimagines Links Between the Built Environment and Nature

Drawings from the 1960s and '70s at the Menil Collection ponder the fanciful, while addressing social unrest and ecological concerns.
Robert Smithson Cambrian Map Of Sulfur And Tar 1969crop

Drawings on display at the Menil Collection in Houston ponder the cultural, the geologic, and the fanciful. Robert Smithson, Cambrian Map of Sulfur and Tar, 1969;© Holt/Smithson Foundation/Vaga At Artists Rights Society (ARS), NY/ Photo Paul Hester 

Natural and man-made features coexist somewhat uneasily in our built, inhabited environment, a delicate but assured interplay that artists of the 1960s and ’70s probed by exaggerating and subverting scale and proportion. A massive bowling ball sweeping down Manhattan’s Park Avenue; planetary-scale receptacles of tar and sulfur; colossal knees strewn about London—none of these concepts made it past the drawing board, but they are the main event of Dream Monuments: Drawing in the 1960s and 1970s, an exhibition at Houston’s Menil Collection. On view through September 19, the show elaborates an artistic era of reckoning with humanity’s relationships and modifications to its surroundings, through unrealized ideas that collapse the bodily, the societal, and the environmental.

“These drawings are completely ridiculous, dangerous even,” notes Kelly Montana, assistant curator at the Menil Drawing Institute. To be sure, the sketches’ fantastical scale and paper-bound reality were what enabled sharp, critical commentary on then-prevailing discussions about identity and themes such as the concurrent rise of environmentalism and consumerism. “Artists can grapple with the utopic and go to the extremes on the page,” says Montana. “A lot of these works do seem to, at least obliquely, address social unrest and ecological concerns.”

#7 Echo

Michelle Stuart, #7 Echo, 1973; © Michelle Stuart / Photo Paul Hester

The artists’ process of monumentalizing provides a glimpse into how they conceived the body’s place in broader society, detailed in one of the exhibition’s four thematic rooms. Mary Beth Edelson’s mammoth breastlike mounds reveal a point where sexuality and the divine feminine could help form a new feminism, while Michelle Stuart’s graphite etchings and rubbings suggest a wistfulness for an impact that would have necessitated equal pay and patronage regularly denied to women artists. Beyond these are architectural-ecological interventions by well-known practitioners like Agnes Denes and Christo, who sought to make sense of the individual within the unrelenting late-Modern city.

Given the continued salience of monuments and monumentality in public discourse, many of the show’s works and messages should resonate with a diverse audience. Indeed, a bit of utopian ideation is something that transcends time, place, or scale.

Claes Oldenburg Proposed Colossal Monument For Park Avenue New York Bowling Balls 1967

Claes Oldenburg, Proposed Colossal Monument for Park Avenue, New York – Bowling Balls, 1967. ©  Claes Oldenburg/ Photo Paul Hester 

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Categories: Arts + Culture