Metropolis mourns the death of Balthazar Korab. The Hungarian native studied architecture in Paris before moving to Michigan, where he worked as a photographer for Eero Saarinen. He is considered one of the foremost photographers of midcentury modernist structuresbut according to his biographer John Comazzi, he wanted to be known as “an architect who makes pictures rather than a photographer who is knowledgeable about architecture.”

On the Waterfront
It’s good to see the Great Lakes region on the offensive for a change—the Lake Belt rather than the Rust Belt (“Planning: The Great Lakes Century,” by Steven Litt, p. 52). Taking advantage of a fifth of the world’s freshwater supply is a “Game Changer.” Tapping into water as a source of life, as opposed to just a natural resource, puts a new spin on it. Phil Enquist’s proposed use of its thermal benefits (the sluice to provide cheap air-conditioning) is but one of the promising techniques. And providing compact, walkable, mixed-use development that will be served by transit will keep the eco-footprint of the residents lower than their sprawling suburban counterparts. From steelworks to steelheads, the trend is positive.

Life Sources
We spent summers in the 1950s on Beach 2nd St., protected from the ocean by Atlantic Beach (“Living on Shifting Sands,” by Karrie Jacobs, p. 30). Our basement-less houses were flooded by Sandy but survived. The suburban banality that replaced the bungalows is ghastly but not unique. Driving along the Jersey Shore you see the same. Seeing Hurricane Sandy’s impact, I agree that Arverne by the Sea is “different” yet appealing. Respect for open space is the way to go.

The January 2013 article “Advocacy: Edward Mazria” (p. 48) incorrectly states that Governor Richardson’s order was issued in May 2011. The 2030 Challenge for Products was issued in February 2011.

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Ride the Rails!

Everyone should have a high-speed-rail map of the United States in front of them and ask, What happened to American greatness (“The Incrementalists,” by Karrie Jacobs, January 2011, p. 42)? Here, you can either drive across the country (not sustainable, affordable, or time efficient) or fly to a particular destination— no middle ground. In other countries, rail makes it convenient to stop at various cities and towns along the way. One can participate in many events and cultures and contribute to their economies. We’re missing out on all that.

Passenger rail used to work in this country. It works across the world and is clearly much less elitist than air travel. Considering external costs and environmental burdens, rail travel is an economical solution to moving both freight and people. It is only due to our lack of investment in this mode that the cost of doing it now is so staggeringly high. It will be even higher tomorrow. Meanwhile, we will fall further behind in our competitiveness. The difference between spending and investing is that investment will have a return in the future. Infrastructure has a return.

Austin’s Brand of Populism
FROM STEVEN A. MOORE, Bartlett Cocke Regents Professor of Architecture and Planning, the University of Texas at Austin

Karrie Jacobs makes some thoughtful obser-vations about the lack of “architectural and civic beauty” in Austin, which she recently visited (“Austin, Now What?” December 2010, p. 34). She also makes the common error of confusing democracy with populism. Democracy requires not only freedom of expression, both verbal and visual; it also requires discipline and knowledge. By contrast, populism of the right (Sarah Palin) or left (Jim Hightower), embraces the “native scrappiness” and “aversion to authority” Jacobs correctly found while in town. By mistaking Austin’s unique form of populism for genuine democracy, Jacobs is forced to conclude that “to implement a vision … may not be a democratic, small d, undertaking.” Through such faulty reasoning, she tragically associates “beauty,” once again, with the concentration of power generally valued by demagogues in search of Cultural, big C, excellence at any price. Austin’s politics would surely benefit from making decisive planning choices—as Jacobs urges—but she would surely benefit from spending a bit more time here so as to appreciate the difference between democracy, populist “messiness,” and “civic beauty” by domination.

On page 61 of our January 2011 issue, we misidentified Zachary R. Heineman as the founder of Lab-RAD. It was, in fact, started by the OMA grad Wayne Congar and his partner, Arielle Assouline-Lichten.

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